Compress an Orc File

Updated: May 31, 2022
Orc

In this example you will use DataPipeline to compress an Orc file.

An Orc( Optimized Row Columnar) file is a free and open-source column-oriented data storage format.

Java Code listing

/*
 * Copyright (c) 2006-2022 North Concepts Inc.  All rights reserved.
 * Proprietary and Confidential.  Use is subject to license terms.
 * 
 * https://northconcepts.com/data-pipeline/licensing/
 */
package com.northconcepts.datapipeline.examples.orc;

import java.io.File;
import java.math.BigDecimal;
import java.math.BigInteger;
import java.sql.Time;
import java.util.Date;

import org.apache.orc.CompressionKind;

import com.northconcepts.datapipeline.core.DataReader;
import com.northconcepts.datapipeline.core.DebugReader;
import com.northconcepts.datapipeline.core.FieldType;
import com.northconcepts.datapipeline.core.Record;
import com.northconcepts.datapipeline.core.RecordList;
import com.northconcepts.datapipeline.core.StreamWriter;
import com.northconcepts.datapipeline.internal.lang.Moment;
import com.northconcepts.datapipeline.job.Job;
import com.northconcepts.datapipeline.memory.MemoryReader;
import com.northconcepts.datapipeline.orc.OrcDataReader;
import com.northconcepts.datapipeline.orc.OrcDataWriter;

public class CompressAnOrcFile {

    private static final File ORC_FILE = new File("example/data/output/CompressAnOrcFile.orc");

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        System.out.println("============================================================");
        System.out.println("Write records to an ORC file");
        System.out.println("============================================================");
        
        DataReader reader = new MemoryReader(createRecordList());
        reader = new DebugReader(reader);
        OrcDataWriter writer = new OrcDataWriter(ORC_FILE);
        
        //Supported compression are: NONE, ZLIB, SNAPPY, LZO, LZ4, ZSTD
        writer.setCompressionKind(CompressionKind.ZLIB);

        Job.run(reader, writer);

        System.out.println("============================================================");
        System.out.println("Prepared Schema");
        System.out.println("============================================================");
        
        System.out.println(writer.getSchema());

        System.out.println("============================================================");
        System.out.println("Read the ORC file");
        System.out.println("============================================================");
        
        Job.run(new OrcDataReader(ORC_FILE), new StreamWriter(System.out));

    }

    public static RecordList createRecordList() {
        RecordList recordList = new RecordList();

        Record record1 = new Record();
        record1.setField("BLOB", new byte[][] {{ 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 }, { 5, 23, 34, 65, 1 }});
        record1.setField("BOOLEAN", new boolean[] { true, false, false, true });
        record1.setField("BYTE", new Byte[] { 12, 96 });
        record1.setField("CHAR", new char[] { 'Z', 'B' });
        record1.setField("DATE", new java.sql.Date[] { Moment.parseMoment("2014-12-25").getDatePart(), Moment.parseMoment("2021-02-20").getDatePart() });
        record1.setField("DATETIME", new Date[] { Moment.parseMoment("2014-12-25 13:41:57").getDate(), Moment.parseMoment("2021-02-20 21:41:57").getDate() });
        record1.setField("DOUBLE", new Double[] { 20481.102412, 123.680 });
        record1.setField("FLOAT", new Float[] { 14096.3212f });
        record1.setField("INT", new int[] { 8192, 123 });
        record1.setField("LONG", new long[] { 1152921504606846976L });
        record1.setField("SHORT", new short[] { 32, 43 });
        record1.setField("BIG_DECIMAL", new BigDecimal[] { new BigDecimal("456789.123") });
        record1.setField("BIG_INTEGER", new BigInteger[] { BigInteger.valueOf(123456890L), BigInteger.valueOf(765) });
        record1.setField("STRING", new String[] { "A basic numeric constant is considered an integer.", "It's a miracle." });
        record1.setField("TIME", new Time[] { Moment.parseMoment("00:41:57").getTimePart(), Moment.parseMoment("21:34:22").getTimePart() });
        record1.setField("Array-2", new String[] { "A", "B", "C", "D" });
        record1.setField("Array-3", new Double[] { 888.6, 453.12, 897.456, 342.678 });
        record1
            .setField("RECORD", new Record[] {
                    new Record()
                        .setField("RECORD",
                                new Record()
                                    .setField("STRING", "A 1st basic numeric constant is considered an integer.")
                                    .setField("DOUBLE", 123.456)),
                    new Record()
                        .setField("RECORD",
                                new Record()
                                    .setField("STRING", "A 2nd basic numeric constant is considered an integer.")
                                    .setField("DOUBLE", 23.4567)),
                    new Record()
                        .setField("RECORD",
                                new Record()
                                    .setField("STRING", "A 3rd basic numeric constant is considered an integer.")
                                    .setField("DOUBLE", 3.45678))
            });

        // Record with null values.
        Record record2 = new Record();
        record2.setFieldNull("BLOB", FieldType.BLOB);
        record2.setFieldNull("BOOLEAN", FieldType.BOOLEAN);
        record2.setFieldNull("BYTE", FieldType.BYTE);
        record2.setFieldNull("CHAR", FieldType.CHAR);
        record2.setFieldNull("DATE", FieldType.DATE);
        record2.setFieldNull("DATETIME", FieldType.DATETIME);
        record2.setFieldNull("DOUBLE", FieldType.DOUBLE);
        record2.setFieldNull("FLOAT", FieldType.FLOAT);
        record2.setFieldNull("INT", FieldType.INT);
        record2.setFieldNull("LONG", FieldType.LONG);
        record2.setFieldNull("SHORT", FieldType.SHORT);
        record2.setFieldNull("BIG_DECIMAL", FieldType.BIG_DECIMAL);
        record2.setFieldNull("BIG_INTEGER", FieldType.BIG_INTEGER);
        record2.setFieldNull("STRING", FieldType.STRING);
        record2.setFieldNull("TIME", FieldType.TIME);
        record2.setFieldNull("Array-2", FieldType.STRING);
        record2.setFieldNull("Array-3", FieldType.DOUBLE);
        record2.setFieldNull("RECORD", FieldType.RECORD);

        recordList.add(record1, record2);
        return recordList;
    }
}

Code walkthrough

  1. MemoryReader which is used to obtain records from an in-memory RecordList is used to accept the record List returned by createRecordList().
  2. DebugReader is proxy that prints records passing through to a stream in a human-readable format
  3. OrcDataWriter which accepts the ORC file as input is used to write records to Apache ORC columnar files .
  4. CompressionKind is used to specify the kind of compression that will be used. In this case ZLIB was chosen.
  5. Job.run() is then used to transfer data from the reader to the writer i.e. Job.run(reader, writer).
  6. The second job method is used to read the contents of the ORC file and write it to a StreamWriter.
  7. createRecordList class is used to create the records that were used as input i.e. the records that are to be written to the ORC file . For this example two records were created, one with data and the other with null values.

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